Rosacea is a skin condition that is very common. It is characterized by redness on the skin that often resembles acne. The small bloood vessels dilate. Sometimes there are small red bumps or cysts that have pus.
People who have roscea often think that it is something else, like sensitivity to the sun. This condition affects at least 45 million people around the world. Most sufferers of rosacea have fair skin, so Caucasians make up a big part of this population.
Rosacea is a chronic condition, and there is no cure. There are times when the condition flares up and times when it recedes. Unlike acne, it is not a condition that one can outgrow. Most of the symptoms appear around the central part of the face, like the cheeks, forehead, chin, and the bottom half of the nose. The condition is not contagious, and it cannot be spread by contact of the skin or by sharing towels. It is not air-borne.
When the the skin flushes, small blood vessels beneath the skin dilate, this is clearly visible under the skin. You will see small, red lines. When flushing occurs frequently, this will cause your skin to become inflamed. The result is an appearance that looks like acne. In fact, people often mistaken rosacea for acne.
As mentioned, rosacea is not curable. However, there are many forms of treatments that will alleviate the symptoms for a while. What works will depend on the severity of the symptoms. Some types of rosacea can be cleared for a while by the used of laser treatment. Although it is not really a cure, patients report long-lasting effects for months. Sometimes the remission of symptoms lasts for years.
Acne medicines can sometimes help because many symptoms of rosacea are similar to symptoms of acne. These include antibiotics that you can take orally or apply topically. There are face washes that you can try out.
However, before you try anything, you should consult with your dermatologist. You would not want to try anything that will make your condition worse. Rosacea that only presents mild symptoms may not require much treatment.
For symptoms that are severe, a combination approach may be necessary. This is when you use several treatments at the same time. The combination may include face washes, antibacterial creams, oral antibiotics, etc. You can even schedule a visit for laser light surgery.
With the right treatment, rosacea symptoms can be controlled fairly well. Popular treatments include topical medications that you can apply once or twice a day. Medications include Flagyl that you can apply after cleansing your face.
Azelaic acid is another effective treatment. Both Flagyl and azelaic acid work to minimize the redness and bumps. You may want to alternate Flagyl and azelaic acid, like using one in the morning and one at night. Klaron lotion can also reduce inflammation.
Oral antibiotics can be used for rosacea that is moderate. Minocycline. tetracycline, and amoxicillin are among the oral antibiotics often prescribed. They are effective in reducing inflammation and pimples.
Topical cortisone, or steroid, preparations can be used to reduce local inflammation. However, there is a risk of rosacea flaring up by using topical steroids.
Long-term use of topical steroids on your face can cause irritated skin around your mouth. Permethrin cream is prescribed for rosacea when skin mites are present. Some doctors may prescribe Retin-A, which is usually prescribed for acne.
In addition, sensitive skin cleansers that you get over the counter or by prescription may also provide relief from rosacea symptoms. Strong soaps and lotions should not be used. Something simple and pure such as gentle cleansers from Cetaphil or Purpose are less irritating. You should not scrub your face when cleansing. Gently wash with your hands, then pat your face dry with a clean and soft towel.
Sun exposure will also cause a flare-up for many rosacea sufferers. Sun protection before you go out is extremely important. Wear a wide-brimmed hat that has a brim of about six inches around. You should apply a broad spectrum sunscreen that contains zinc or titanium dioxide. Look for shady areas between the hours of 10am and 4pm.
Rosacea affect people with fair skin the most. So, if you have fair skin, you should take extra care of this. Some foods you eat may trigger a flare up, especially foods that cause your blood vessels to dilate. Avoid spicy foods or drinking soups that are very hot.
Some greasy foods will cause a flare up as well. Knowing how to keep your rosacea symptoms under control will help you deal with it better. Try different methods and see which ones or combinations will give you the best results for the long term.