There are many causes of facial redness (cutaneous flushing), some may be simple, and others could be more chronic.
When facial redness appears the most common self-diagnostic is rosacea but that may not be the case and treating something you may not have is not.
A good option being as many creams or treatments for one condition could make other possible conditions worse. Here are some common and not so common conditions or situations that could bring about facial redness.
Benign Facial Redness
One of the most common reasons behind facial redness is due to an emotional reaction this is commonly known as blushing. Blushing can occur suddenly and may be triggered by various emotions such as stress, anger, embarrassment, happiness and even sexual arousal. If some consistently suffers from social anxiety the severe blushing is a common occurrence.
Extreme temperatures may also bring about facial redness or blushing if the body is very cold or very hot it will accentuate the facial flushing this can also come about if you have a high fever.
Certain kinds of food especially hot or spicy ones can also provoke redness and in some cases it could be a sign of food intolerance. One of the early signs of alcohol abuse is facial redness due to the enlarged blood vessels being as sustained alcohol intake causes the brain to fail at regulating vascular control.
Uncommon yet Serious Facial Redness
More serious causes of facial redness are as follows; carcinoid which is tumors that grow out of cells in the endocrine system and produce hormones such as serotonin in large amounts and can provoke these symptoms. Pheochromocytoma is a relatively rare tumor that forms on the adrenal glands and can secrete catecholamine hormones causing among other symptoms sweating and facial redness.
Mastocytosis is a rare cell disease and is caused by to many mast cells; this disorder can be found in adults and children and can bring about allergic reactions and symptoms associated with them such as facial redness.
One last serious cause of facial redness can be anaphylaxis; although referred to as an allergic reaction that can be brought on by allergies to food, stings, bites and medication it is potentially life threatening and requires immediate medical attention.
Other Causes for Facial Redness
Medullary thyroid carcinoma is a form of cancer in the thyroid gland that begins in cells and releases a hormone known as calcitonin. This could cause a lump in the thyroid, breathing problems, coughing, diarrhea and facial redness.
A Pancreatic cell tumor develops in the pancreas from a certain cell called an islet cell which is responsible for producing and releasing hormones into the bloodstream. These tumors can among other symptoms cause indigestion, yellowing skin and eye whites, ulcers, abdominal pain and facial redness.
The most common cause of kidney cancer in adults is renal cell carcinoma and mainly occurs in men between fifty and seventy years of age. The exact cause of renal cell carcinoma is unknown but some of the symptoms include pain and swelling in the abdomen and back, weight loss and facial redness.
Parkinson’s disease can also cause facial redness and it is a disease that occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain experience a problem and this progressively affects the way the body moves. This usually happens slowly and can take a few years and thanks to modern medicine there are forms of treatment that help a person with Parkinson’s to live a full life.
A migraine is a severe headache that can be hereditary or brought on by various triggers. Other than facial redness a migraine can also provoke drooping and tearing eyes, stuffiness and extreme sensitivity to light.
Horner’s syndrome is an actual combination of various symptoms that come about when a certain group of nerves called the sympathetic trunk are damaged. Horner´s syndrome can be congenital or a result of disease and affects one side of the face causing redness, droopiness and miosis.
Abdominal Epilepsy also known as autonomic epilepsy is a rare condition mainly found in children. No one really knows what causes or brings on abdominal epilepsy which includes symptoms such as abdominal pain, uncontrollable vomiting, lethargy and facial redness.
There are various reasons why your face may turn red from chronic excessive blushing as a medical disorder, hyperpyrexia, hormones, genetics / heredity, thyroid problems, allergies, medication induced redness, dehydration, excessive eating or drinking, exercise among many others.
There are various ways to avoid and control facial redness like staying away from coffee and alcohol, spicy foods and drinking plenty of water. If it is as simple as an emotional trigger try relaxing, applying non-oil based moisturizer and even just accept it so as not to make it worse. If you feel it is consistent then it is suggested to see a doctor and or dermatologist and get a professional opinion.