People who tend to flush or blush more easily than others often suffer from rosacea. In this skin disease, redness can be seen near the cheeks and nose, but it can go as far as the chest, ears and the back. This skin condition is most common in middle-aged women, although it can also affect men.
Rosacea is so common that even Princess Diana of Wales suffered from this skin condition, and former president, Bill Clinton deals with it currently. More than just an inconvenience, there could be a need for rosacea treatment in severe cases.
Rosacea symptoms and signs may flare up over a period of weeks or months, decrease over time and flare up again. This skin condition could clears up on its own while in some people it remains and becomes worse over time. In fact, in many studies, rosacea pictures of people with this skin condition show how the disease can progress over time.
Needless to say, rosacea symptoms must not be mistaken for acne breakout and allergic reactions. Without proper treatment, the skin condition can become worse.
Treating Rosacea: How Dermatologists Find the Best Cure
At the moment, there is no cure for rosacea but each case of rosacea is unique; hence, your treatment depends on the symptoms that you feel. Take note that there is no permanent rosacea treatment. So, the only option is to treat symptoms that could develop over time.
Treatments that target rosacea symptoms can be very effective. The type of treatment you need is based on your response to the current treatment.
Available treatments range from topical to oral medication to lasers and light therapy. Doctors may recommend a treatment plan based on your actual condition. It may take weeks or months before you see changes. But by sticking to your doctor’s treatment plan, you should see results over time.
Rosacea Natural Treatment: Self-help Measures to Avoid Flushing
In mild cases, doctors may recommend a rosacea home treatment. This treatment involves permanent changes in the way you live.
Based on many studies made on rosacea patients, avoiding triggers could reduce rosacea symptoms. By sticking to a good skin regimen, can also go a long way when it comes to getting rid of flare ups.
Sun Protection: Guard Your Skin from UV Rays
Despite the fact that experts can’t tell why rosacea happens, rosacea patients are advised to stay out of the sun. Strong sunlight especially on your face can make the symptoms worse.
Applying sunblock on your face every day is also a must. Make sure that your sunblock has a sun protection factor of at least 30. This will help protect your skin from ultraviolet rays from the sun. You may also wear a wide brimmed hat for added protection.
Preventing Flare Ups: Avoiding Rosacea Triggers
Many things can trigger rosacea. But there are common triggers that affect many rosacea patients. Among the top triggers include:
- Strong sunlight
- Extreme heat
- Drinks with alcohol content
- Strenuous activities
- Hot beverages
- Spicy foods
Keep in mind that the trigger varies in every each person. If you do not know your triggers yet, keeping a rosacea diary can be very helpful. For a few weeks, you need to write down the things that you have done or the food products you are before a flare up. By keeping track of these things, you could tell what your triggers are.
Since triggers could make rosacea worse, it would be ideal to cut out foods that make flushing or inflammation worse. A rosacea diet would be a good way to kick off your new lifestyle.
In case you found that your trigger is one of the medications that you are taking, you need to talk to your doctor.
Practice Proper Skincare: Useful Techniques to Avoid Rosacea Flare Ups
When you have rosacea, you often have sensitive skin. This means that you need to be extra careful when it comes to skincare. You can avoid having a red and inflamed face when you take good care of your skin.
These skincare tips can help you if you have noticed rosacea symptoms:
- Stick to water-based skin products. Steer clear of products that are waterproof or oil-based. Aside from irritating the skin, you’ll need solvents to remove them which could irritate your face.
- Use products that are gentle on the skin. When choosing your facial cleansers, stick to unscented and non-abrasive products. Go for cleansers that have a neutral PH level and are non-alkaline. When cleaning your skin in the morning or the evening, don’t rub too strong, be gentle.
- Rinse with lukewarm water. When cleaning the skin, be sure to pat it dry before applying any makeup or medication.
- Go for products for sensitive skin. When looking for skin products opt for mild or hypoallergenic products.
- Avoid using products with ingredients that might irritate the skin. Menthol, alcohol, clove oil, camphor, witch hazel and similar ingredients could damage sensitive skin.
- Don’t use steroid creams. These creams can make rosacea worse. Unless your doctor instructs you to use such cream, do not use it.
- Opt for electric razors. Men in particular should avoid using a blade for shaving.
- Practice proper hygiene. Rosacea skin care involves keeping your skin free from dirt. You need to make sure that your skin is clean including your eyelids to avoid irritation.
If in doubt, don’t use any skincare product during a rosacea flare up. If symptoms have been treated, you may start trying out products gradually.
You can apply makeup if you want to cover the redness. When doing so, you should choose your makeup with care. Make sure that your makeup is ideal for sensitive skin and that you can wash it off easily.
Oral and Topical Rosacea Therapy: Immediate Relief from Persistent Facial Redness
When you have facial redness due to rosacea and you notice round red bumps or papules and bumps filled with pus or pustules, you may benefit from using different medications. Various topical treatments for external application and oral medication may be your best bet.
There are approved topical and oral medications for rosacea. Doctors may prescribe long term use of oral and topical medicines for treating rosacea to prevent recurrence. The use of this therapy is prescribed for mild to moderate cases.
Often both oral and topical therapy is combined to see results right away. After treating the immediate symptoms, doctors may recommend a single treatment to prevent future flare ups.
Antibiotics: The Most Common Topical Medication for Treating Rosacea
Doctors prescribe oral antibiotics to many rosacea patients. This is often the next option if your condition doesn’t respond to ointments or when you have serious or ocular rosacea.
Often, dermatologists recommend tetraclycine and erythromycin to reduce skin inflammation. These antibiotic tablets are also ideal when you have many cysts and spots. If there are only a few spots, you may apply metronidazole, a topical antibiotic.
Doctors may also recommend Oracea, another antibiotic containing a small dose of doxycycline. This rosacea drug treatment is perfect since it doesn’t have enough power to kill bacteria, but it is effective in reducing inflammation; hence, it wouldn’t lead to antibiotic resistance and it is ideal for long term use.
Rosacea can also be treated with minocycline, another antibiotic. Doctors may also recommend antibiotics for a period of at least six months. With antibiotics, spots and cysts commonly disappear within a six to 12 week period. However, you can see improvements within two to three weeks of treatment.
Many times, antibiotics fail because some people stop treatment without finishing the full course. You need to take antibiotics regularly to prevent recurrence of spots and cysts.
Azelaic Acid: The Perfect Remedy for Mild to Moderate Spots
The topical gel azelaic is also an option for those who do not wish to take antibiotics. This is ideal for treating rosacea symptoms particularly mild to moderate spots. Azelaic acid is effective in treating bumps, lesions and redness caused by rosacea.
Unluckily, there are some people who experience discomfort when applying this gel. Common side effects include burning, dry skin, itching, scaling and stinging.
Isotretinoin: A Potential Solution for Resistant Rosacea
When other treatments don’t work, doctors may recommend isotretinoin. This is a last resort and it is only prescribed after other therapies have failed.
Isotretinoin is a common treatment for severe acne but in low doses, it is effective in treating rosacea. You can take this medication orally in the form of capsules from four to six months.
Doctors closely monitor patients who take this drug. In some cases, dermatologists request additional blood test results. Since pregnancy is a common contraindication of this drug, those who are taking in must take more precautions. Moreover, pregnant women can’t take this drug as it can cause birth defects.
Brimonidine Tartrate Gel: A New Medication for Treating Redness
This gel is a new rosacea treatment. You can apply this gel on your face once a day. Brimonidine tartrate reduces facial redness by restricting blood vessel dilation in the face. Based on research, this can work up to 12 hours, but it starts working 30 minutes after you apply it.
But, it should be noted that this medication is not for everybody. There are people who reported that the flushing became worse. Others felt itching or burning after applying this gel.
Miscellaneous Topical Treatments: More Options for Rosacea Treatment
Some other rosacea treatments include:
Ivermectin Cream: Doctors may also recommend ivermectin cream to reduce skin inflammation. This topical treatment works by killing mites known as demodex folliculorum. This treatment is fairly new and it may be more effective than some antibiotics. The trouble is, this treatment is not widely available and doctors only recommended it when other options don’t work.
Beta Blockers: Another option involves taking beta blockers. The U.S. FDA did not approve them yet, but it is often used to help with severe flushing. Doctors often prescribe beta blockers to people with high blood pressure and to reduce hot flashes but it can be effective in some rosacea patients.
Glycolic Peels: Still in others, glycolic peels may be helpful in controlling and improving rosacea. These peels need to be administered by your doctor every two to four weeks. Application may last from two to five minutes.
Only a handful of rosacea patients can tolerate this treatment. Hence, peels are not highly recommended especially for those with very sensitive skin.
Intense Pulse Light and Laser Treatment: A Mainstay in Rosacea Therapy
Among the safest options in treating rosacea is laser or intense pulse light treatment. This is one of the best rosacea treatments according to Molly Wanner, a dermatologist at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
A rosacea laser treatment can reduce the redness and the appearance of blood vessels on the face. This also works against redness and flushing. But before you can undergo this treatment, you need to refer to your dermatologist.
This treatment option works by using a very bright light or laser on the affected area. This light can destroy those tiny blood vessels without damaging the surrounding tissues. The number of laser treatments is based on how widespread the blood vessels appear to be. Most often, you need to complete two to four laser treatments spaced four to eight weeks apart.
Photodynamic Therapy: A New Solution to Rosacea’s Symptoms
This is a new option for treating rosacea. This treatment is designed for severe acne, but it could also work for rosacea.
Photodynamic treatment makes use of a drug that activates when exposed to light. This drug could be in the form of an intravenous drug, a cream or a liquid. This is applied on the affected area. After the incubation period, the molecule is activated using a light source to trigger a reaction.
Your doctor can administer this treatment in his or her clinic. This treatment could last for an hour to an hour and a half. After this therapy, doctors often issue orders to avoid sun exposure for at least a day after the treatment.
This treatment can help reduce inflammation. Some patients got rid of rosacea for several years before it came back. Results vary from one patient to another.
Surgical Rosacea Treatment: The Best Choice for Treating Rosacea with Skin Thickening
Rosacea may be more common in women but it men, it is often linked to skin thickening when it affects men. In this case, you may observe skin enlargement and thickening around the nose area. This condition is known as rhinophyma.
In mild cases, taking medicines may suffice, but in moderate to severe conditions, surgery is the best treatment option. It is ideal to treat this early since it could lead to nostril collapse or breathing difficulties. It would be best to consult your doctor to know the best option.
Your doctor may suggest YAG laser surgery to improve your nose’s contour and get rid of excess skin. Other options include excision, cryosurgery, abrasion and radiofrequency ablation.
Treating Ocular Rosacea: What to Do When the Redness and Irritation Reaches Your Eyes
In some cases, rosacea also affects the eyes, and not just the skin. Among the symptoms of having ocular rosacea include a burning, itching or stinging sensation that affects the eyes. Often, eyes also look bloodshot and patients have blurred vision and light sensitivity.
In mild to moderate cases, artificial tears, antibiotics, and eye cleansers may be used. Artificial tears are often prescribed when rosacea comes with dryness. Should the condition be more serious, doctors suggest the use of antibiotics.
In serious cases, you need to consult an eye doctor. If inflammation reaches the cornea, steroid drops may be prescribed. Various eye treatments are available but it would be best to seek help based on the symptoms you are experiencing.
Rosacea Treatment Plan: Which Cure is the Best?
If you have rosacea, you have a lot of treatment options. Rosacea continues to surprise many skin doctors because it has no cure. In fact, there is still so much about this skin disease that has to be discovered.
At the moment, doctors treat redness, flushing and other symptoms to treat rosacea. In fact, in one study with 48 rosacea patients, 52 percent reported having rosacea that came and went. Meanwhile, the remaining 48 percent saw their rosacea clear out. In other cases, people with rosacea had constant breakouts over their lifetime.
As for treatment, doctors plan the best way to attack this skin disease based on the patient’s profile. The basis for the recommended treatment is the stage and the severity of rosacea.
If you suspect that you have rosacea, it would be best to see your dermatologist as early as possible. Keep in mind that when rosacea is not treated, it could get worse. The redness, the inflammation, the pimple breakouts and the flushing could get worse over time.
The Rosacea Lifestyle: Permanent Changes to Avoid Facial Inflammation
Although rosacea over the counter treatments is available, being dependent on these drugs is not ideal. The most permanent solution would be to change your way of life.
Once you have identified rosacea triggers, doing your best to avoid them is a must. You need to keep a diary of your triggers to avoid unexpected breakouts. Your doctor may also request you to keep such journal for the purpose of documenting your condition.
Making changes to avoid sun exposure and any other activity that could trigger a flare up is also a must. If your condition is triggered by a maintenance drug such as a beta blocker, you should consult your doctor. Don’t stop taking any drug that your body needs to have optimal health.
Changes in your lifestyle must also include implementing a skincare regimen. You should pay more attention to the products that you are using. Given your skin’s sensitivity, you cannot take any chances when it comes to face and skin products. Be sure to check with your doctor, especially when trying a rosacea treatment over the counter product.
Paying attention to the symptoms you feel is also a prime concern. You should also consult your dermatologist on a regular basis to monitor your condition. Keeping a journal to detail your condition may be required to make sure that you tell your doctor about your symptoms.
If you have ocular rosacea, monitor your condition. Complications may arise when you don’t keep your skin condition in check. Once your doctor knows the full details, they can recommend the most effective rosacea treatment for your symptoms.