Rosacea affects millions of people. As common as it is, medical professionals have not been able to identify the cause of this skin condition. Skin specialists can only identify and treat the symptoms.
In rosacea, something causes the blood vessels on facial skin to dilate, thus allowing more blood to flow through. That creates redness on the skin. The redness is often centered around the middle of the face, along the nose, forehead, and cheeks.
Some skin specialists say that rosacea is brought on by a skin bacteria, skin mites, or hair follicles that were irritated. There are things in the environment that can trigger these blood vessels to dilate. Skin experts have long been trying to find a solution for rosacea sufferers so that they can find relieve from this skin condition.
Some people fear that rosacea is caused by a bacteria, and they are worried that the condition can spread. Although some antibiotics seem to be able to lessen the redness on the skin, there is no proof that rosacea can spread to another person by skin-to-skin contact or by the person breathing in bacteria that is airborne. The redness improves with some antibiotics because the medicine can often reduce inflammation. It is not because bacteria was getting destroyed.
A person with rosacea in a localized area may sometimes find redness in other areas on the body. That does not mean that rosacea has spread because of contact. Since the person is prone to have rosacea already, the triggers may cause other areas of the skin to react eventually. It is hard to tell if rosacea in a person will get better or worse with age. The only thing that the doctor can do is to look at patterns of the flare-ups.
Rosacea can range in severity. Some people have mild cases of it, while others may experience swelling and bumps in the reddened areas. It is important to point out that it all depends on the individual’s skin reaction and not because of anything that he has contracted.
Some things are common triggers for rosacea for people who are predisposed to it. For example, spicy foods can trigger a flare-up. Excessive exposure to the sun can trigger it as well. Vigorous exercise stimulates circulation and dilates blood vessels. It can exacerbate the redness in rosacea.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition. People who have it are mostly likely prone to get flare-ups for the rest of their lives. With that said, however, there are ways in which they can minimize the potential of flare-ups. Keeping a record of things that can be triggers is one way. If a flare-up happened after eating a certain food, then that food should be avoided. If intensive exercising makes the rosacea worse, then the less intense exercises should be done instead.
Anyone who suffers from rosacea should seek the advice from an experienced dermatologist. Many skin conditions may have the same characteristics and symptoms as rosacea, but they require a difference course of treatment.
Only an experienced skin professional can give a proper diagnosis as to whether the skin condition is rosacea or something else. Although there is no cure to rosacea, the specialist can prescribe medication that can relieve the symptoms. He can educate the patient on strategies that can minimize the occurrence of flare-ups.
Treatments that can cool down the face seem to be beneficial in calming down the redness. During warm, sunny days, it is advisable for the individual to stay indoors during the hours when the sun is hottest, usually between 10am to 4pm.
If staying indoors all day is not possible, then the individual must wear protection from the sun. A wide-brimmed hat is a must-have. A broad-spectrum sunblock should be applied gently so that the sensitive rosacea skin will not get worse under the UV radiation from the sun.
It is important to cleanse the sensitive rosacea skin properly. Cool water should be used when cleansing the face. Only a gentle cleanser should be used. After rinsing, the face should be blotted dry with a soft facial towel. Any skin medication prescribed by the doctor should be applied as directed.
The health of the skin is directly affected by the foods that you eat. For rosacea sufferers, a diet filled with fresh vegetables contains micronutrients that can make the skin healthier. Eliminating junk and processed foods may also help the skin stay nourished properly.
The good news is that rosacea is not a contagious skin condition. Certain ethnicities may be more prone to it than others. There may be some connection to heredity. Research continues to be done on this skin condition as skin specialists try to find clues that can lead them to a cure.