Rosacea is a skin disorder that is affecting 10% of the world population and 16 million people, in the US alone. It is being caused by a tiny bug living in the pores of the human skin.
This skin disorder would affect women, mostly in the 30-60 age group. A red inflamed skin with swelling, roughness of the skin, visible blood vessels and pus-filled bumps on the face are some of the symptoms of a Rosacea attack.
Skin Flushing – The flushing of the skin could be present from the face, right down to the neck and chest area. The skin would feel hot and unpleasant during this period. This is considered the start of a Rosacea attack on a person.
Redness of the Skin – The redness would follow suit after the flushing and the hotness of the skin. This would persist in the face and chest area. It could look like a skin that has been exposed to sunburn. This occurs due to the thousands of tiny blood vessels near the surface of the skin getting expanded.
The Skin Becomes Hyperactive – The tiny blood vessels are dilated due to a simple touch of the skin or exposure to sunlight. It would mostly appear in the facial skin and some people would refer to it as a sensitive skin. But, it is not sensitive skin that causes this hyperactivity; it is really the expanded blood vessels that are causing this hyperactivity.
Spots and Pus-Filled Bumps on the Skin – Tiny spots, pimples and pus-filled bumps would appear on the skin. This stage is referred to as the inflammatory Rosacea. This condition could be misdiagnosed with an acne condition. But this condition does not give out blackheads as with an acne infection.
Rhinophyma or Thickening of the Facial Skin around the Nose – This would appear in a severe case of Rosacea. It would look like a bulbous and enlarged nose and are more common in male sufferers than females.
Facial Swelling – This could occur due to excess fluid and protein leak outs of the blood vessels. this would lead to a fluid buildup in the facial skin.
Experts are still not sure as to what really causes Rosacea. But the following factors may have a great contribution in people being infected with Rosacea.
Dermatologists suggest that a major factor for Rosacea would be the abnormalities in the blood vessels around the facial skin areas. This could cause flushing and persistent redness of the skin.
Also, people with a lighter color skin would be more prone to be infected with this condition than the people, who are having a dark skin. Demodex Folliculorum or a tiny kind of bug that is living in the pores of the human skin could be another factor in propagating Rosacea among the humans.
This tiny bug would be living in the skin pores and not causing any problems to the majority of people. When people are infected with Rosacea, the number of these bugs is multiplied in large quantities.
H. pylori bacteria could be another cause of propagating the infection of Rosacea among human beings. These bacteria are living in the human gut and is helpful in producing a protein known as “Bradykinin”, that is responsible for dilating the blood vessels.
Also, 30-40% of the sufferers of Rosacea have a close family history of the infection. But scientists have not confirmed a link between the genes and the infection as yet.
How Rosacea is Being Diagnosed
There are no successful clinical tests for Rosacea as yet. Your doctor would inspect the skin and question you about the symptoms and triggers to diagnose this condition accurately. The presence of enlarged blood vessels is a major symptom that would help your doctor to diagnose this condition correctly.
A rash on the ears or scalp would indicate that it is not really Rosacea and it could save you and the doctor from a wrong diagnosis. Rosacea is mainly visible on the face and chest areas and would not be visible on the scalp or ears. Depending on the seriousness of the condition; your doctor may refer you to a dermatologist for further examination and diagnosis.
Treatments for Rosacea
There are no permanent cures for Rosacea as yet. But there are various treatments that would be helpful in relieving the signs and symptoms of Rosacea for good. This would not be achievable only with medication and without a lifestyle change.
There are also camouflaged creams that would help to conceal the dis-figuration of the skin and most doctors would recommend these treatments for their patients, depending on the condition of the skin.
The normal medication would be a combination between a topical cream or an ointment and a pill or a tablet. Topical creams would be given to reduce the inflammation and the redness of the skin.
You would need to apply them at least 2-3 times a day on the affected skin areas. Oral antibiotics with anti-inflammatory properties would be given to be swallowed, while applying the topical cream or ointment.
In some severe cases of Rosacea, an oral medication known as “Accutane” would be prescribed, if other treatments have not been effective so far. This is a powerful drug that would inhibit the production of oil in the Sebaceous glands of the skin. This could be helpful in controlling the Rosacea to some extent.
Can Rosacea Come and Go
This is a major concern among the sufferers of Rosacea. Most of the sufferers would be asking the question of “Can Rosacea Come and Go”? There cannot be an accurate answer to this question. As per most of the health experts, Rosacea can come and go, since it cannot be cured permanently. It could only be controlled.
But it does not mean that you would have to suffer from Rosacea throughout your lifetime. It could be eliminated for good, if the medications are coupled with the necessary lifestyle changes that are needed to eliminate this condition. But to the question of, Can Rosacea Come and Go? The answer would be a definite Yes.